How to say first, second etc in Bengali – ordinal numbers in Bangla 

Number One by Meena Kadri @ Flickr
Moving beyond counting in Bengali, a useful next stage is to learn ordinal numbers (first, second, third etc).

To date প্রথম (prothom) is probably the one I use/see used the most, and I’ve not really moved much beyond দিতীয় (ditiyo) and তৃতীয় (tritiyo), hence this post’s more expansive look at the subject.

It’s one that feels necessary to know, even if it’s not necessarily of huge use; in fact, I only really hear some of the forms below at the moment in Bangla news podcasts from NHK World as they give the day’s date.

প্রথম – first

দিতীয় – second

তৃতীয় – third

চতুর্থ – fourth

পঞ্চম – fifth

ষষ্ট – sixth

সপ্তম – seventh

অস্টম – eighth

নবম – ninth

দশম – tenth

Ordinal numbers for days of the week are

পয়লা – first

দোসরা – second

তেসর – third

চৌঠা – fourth

From 5th to 18th the cardinal numbers (5, 6, 7, etc) end in ই, so:

পাঁচই, ছয়ই, সাতই, etc

And then from 19th to 31st the cardinal numbers with এ are used, so:

ঊনিশে, বিশে, একুশে, etc

The above notes are taken from an early (ie 1960s) edition of Teach Yourself Bengali, so if the forms have changed or you’ve anything to add to the subject do let me know in the comments.

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